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Keynote Speakers

 Keynote Speakers

Speaker I

Prof. Carlos Chastre

Department of Civil Engineering, NOVA University of Lisbon, Portugal

Carlos Chastre received his Ph.D. degree in Civil Engineering / Structures from NOVA University of Lisbon and also holds a M.Sc. degree in Structural Engineering and a B.Eng in Civil Engineering from Technical University of Lisbon. After working in industry for 8 years, he joined the Department of Civil Engineering at NOVA University of Lisbon as a Teaching Assistant in 1997, and was promoted to Assistant Professor in 2005. He has been a professor in charge of courses of Statics, Strength of Materials II, Reinforced Concrete I and II, Structural and Geotechnics Subjects, Design of Structures, Structural Design and Strengthening & Repair of Structures. He has authored more than 100 publications and has supervised to completion 21 master students, 4 PhD students, and 2 Postdoc researchers. He has won the BES National Award for Innovation in the area of New Materials and Industrial Technologies in 2009.

 

Speaker II

Prof. WONG Kwai Kwan
Research Director of CNRS (National Center of Scientific Research), France
University of Lyon/ENTPE, France

 

Prof. Wong Kwai Kwan is a Research Professor in Civil Engineering of the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS). He is leader of the research group "Sustainable Structures & Infrastructures" of the Laboratory LTDS (associated to CNRS) and a part time professor of the French National School of State Public Works (ENTPE). He has intervened in many courses including soil mechanics, tunnelling and underground works, continuum mechanics, limit equilibrium analysis, strength of materials, structural analysis, theory of plates and shells. Prior to his career in research, he was a geotechnical engineer with Simecsol (now Arcadis), involved in construction projects in France and oversea (1984-90, 1994-95). His PhD (1994) is on the thermal-mechanical behaviour of underground structures. He received his M Eng. (1984) in France and B Eng. (1981) in civil engineering in Hong Kong. He is member of a few national associations: Rock Mechanics (CFMR), Soil Mechanics (CFMS), Tunnelling and Underground Works (AFTES).
Dr Wong's current research is focused on the TCHM behaviour of geomaterials and geostructures:
• Underground storage of nuclear wastes and CO
2
• Soils from relatively dry state to quasi-saturated with occluded air bubbles
• Rammed earthen constructions
• Tunnel excavation with face confinement
Prof. Wong Kwai Kwan has worked on various research projects funded by the French National Agence for Research (ANR), National Tunnelling Center (CETU), Institute of Radioprotection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN).

 

Speaker III

Assoc. Prof. Paulo Mendonça

University of Minho, Portugal

Paulo Mendonça was born in Porto in 10th June. PhD in Civil Engineering by the University of Minho, with the thesis: “Living under a second skin”, acclaimed by unanimity (2005). As a PhD fellowship of FCT (Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology) he got the “Advanced Studies Diploma” in Barcelona on the Technical Superior School of Architecture (ETSAB). He is Associate Professor in the Architecture School of the University of Minho, Portugal (EAUM). President of EAUM (2011-2012) and Vice-President (2010-2011). Architectural Graduate and Integrated Master Studies Director (2005-2009). He is an author of more than one hundred publications. The main research subjects includes lightweight and mixed weight buildings, low cost housing, local and global economic asymmetries, low-tech strategies, energy costs and sustainable development, new materials and technologies, recycling and reusing potentialities.

Keynote Speech Title: The Evolution of Architectural Membranes

Abstract: Architectural membranes are the most lightweight constructive solutions available nowadays for spaces closuring. They are mostly used to make roofs and increasingly used in facades. In its origin is one of the oldest materials used by man to build human shelters – natural animal skins - later substituted by textile fabrics using natural fibers from vegetal or animal origin. These primitive membranes are still used to build traditional human shelters, generally associated to nomad cultures, such as the Mongolian Yurt, the Tuareg Tent or the Bedouin Black Tent. During the second half of the XXth century, architectural membranes evolved, mainly driven by the development of polymer composites. With the use of fluorine based polymers they present nowadays a life span that can exceed 25 years and can be opaque or assure different degrees of translucency, but not transparency when structural properties are required. In structural membranes, a textile woven fabric is used on the membrane base structure. The most common architectural membrane is the PVC coated Polyester (PES) fabric. Nonstructural transparent architectural membranes, made of homogeneous polymer foils, are becoming more popular nowadays. If in less demanding uses PVC and PE can assure a transparent closure, in permanent structures, Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) foil can guarantee more interesting properties in terms of durability and stability.

 

        

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